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A root canal is a treatment which is used to repair and protect a tooth that is gravely rotted or gets to be contaminated. Amid a root channel method, the nerve and mash are evacuated and within the tooth is cleaned and fixed. Without treatment, the tissue encompassing the tooth will get to be tainted and abscesses may shape.
Root Canal Therapy vs. Extraction: Which is Best for You?
If a deep, untreated cavity, break, crack, or fracture threatens one of your teeth, you have two viable treatment options in front of you: Undergo root canal therapy to save the tooth or have the tooth extracted. While neither of those might seem like a particularly attractive proposition, treatment is necessary to relieve the pain of exposed pulp tissue and avoid the spread of infection to other areas of the body. Your dentist will recommend the right treatment for your needs, but understanding the pros and cons of root canal therapy and tooth extractions will help you make a better-informed decision.
Why Opt for Root Canal Therapy?
If your dentist recommends a root canal, it’s because he believes the tooth, especially the root, has the stability needed to save the main structure. While root canal therapy does remove the living part of the tooth (the nerve and blood vessel filled pulp), the hard enamel and dentin remain. Once refilled with an inert, rubbery substance called gutta-percha and capped with a full or partial dental crown, the tooth will continue to function and appear like a healthy, natural tooth. Thus, the primary advantage of opting for a root canal is the conservative, tooth-saving nature of the procedure.
Some disadvantages of root canal therapy include:
- Higher cost than a simple extraction (although, in the long term, root canals cost less than having a tooth extracted and replaced with a dental implant or a bridge).
- You may need a referral to an endodontist (root canal specialist) if your dentist feels it’s in your best interest.
- In rare cases, a root canal treatment may fail and require retreatment.
Why Opt for Tooth Extraction?
Your dentist may recommend extraction if the tooth has broken off at the gum line, the remaining structure cannot support a full or partial crown, or a fracture or crack descends into the root. Ultimately, modern dentistry seeks to preserve as much natural tooth structure as possible, so extractions are only recommended as a last resort. That said, if your dentist says that root canal therapy is an option, as a patient, you have the right to request an extraction.
The primary advantages of extraction include lower cost (in the short term, at least) and no potential need for retreatment. It should be noted though, that removing a tooth entirely can lead to further oral health problems like jawbone deterioration, shifting teeth, and a higher risk for gum disease and tooth decay.